Saturday, March 4, 2017

Monkey-X - Collision - Line Segment vs Line Segment - code example


' From the book '2d game collision detection'
' Line Segment vs Line Segment Collision

Import mojo

' This is the collision class. In this example with
' the line segment vs line segment.
'
'
Class collision
    ' Collision function
    ' This is the line segments collision function
    Function segments_collide:Bool(a:segment,b:segment)
        Local axisa:line = New line()
        Local axisb:line = New line()
        axisa.base = a.point1
        axisa.direction = subtract_vector(a.point2,a.point1)
        If (on_one_side(axisa,b)) Then Return False
        axisb.base = b.point1
        axisb.direction = subtract_vector(b.point2,b.point1)
        If (on_one_side(axisb,a)) Then Return False
        If (parallel_vectors(axisa.direction,axisb.direction))
            Local rangea:range = project_segment(a,axisa.direction)
            Local rangeb:range = project_segment(b,axisa.direction)
            Return overlapping_ranges(rangea,rangeb)
        Else
            Return True
        End If
    End Function
    ' Helper Functions ........
    ',
    '
    Function on_one_side:Bool(axis:line,s:segment)
        Local d1:vector2d = subtract_vector(s.point1,axis.base)
        Local d2:vector2d = subtract_vector(s.point2,axis.base)
        Local n:vector2d = rotate_vector_90(axis.direction)
        Return dot_product(n,d1) * dot_product(n,d2) > 0
    End Function

    Function sort_range:range(r:range)
        Local sorted:range = r
        If (r.minimum > r.maximum)
            sorted.minimum = r.maximum
            sorted.maximum = r.minimum
        End If
        Return sorted
    End Function
    
    Function project_segment:range(s:segment,onto:vector2d)
        Local ontounit:vector2d = unit_vector(onto)
        Local r:range = New range()
        r.minimum = dot_product(ontounit,s.point1)
        r.maximum = dot_product(ontounit,s.point2)
        r = sort_range(r)
        Return r        
    End Function

    Function overlapping_ranges:Bool(a:range,b:range)
        Return overlapping(    a.minimum,
                            a.maximum,
                            b.minimum,
                            b.maximum)
    End Function
        
    Function overlapping:Bool(mina:Float,maxa:Float,minb:Float,maxb:Float)
        Return minb <= maxa And mina <= maxb
    End Function    
    
    Function subtract_vector:vector2d(a:vector2d,b:vector2d)
        Local r:vector2d = New vector2d()
        r.x = a.x - b.x
        r.y = a.y - b.y
        Return r
    End Function

    Function dot_product:Float(a:vector2d,b:vector2d)
        Return a.x * b.x + a.y * b.y 
    End Function

    Function rotate_vector_90:vector2d(v:vector2d)
        Local r:vector2d = New vector2d()
        r.x = -v.y
        r.y = v.x
        Return r
    End Function

    Function unit_vector:vector2d(v:vector2d)
        Local length:Float = vector_length(v)
        If (0 < length)
            Return divide_vector(v,length) 
        End If    
        Return v
    End Function

    Function vector_length:Float(v:vector2d)
        Return Sqrt(v.x * v.x + v.y * v.y)
    End Function
    
    Function parallel_vectors:Bool(a:vector2d,b:vector2d)
        Local na:vector2d = rotate_vector_90(a)    
        Return (0 = Floor(dot_product(na,b)))
    End Function    

    Function divide_vector:vector2d(v:vector2d,divisor:Float)
        Local r:vector2d = New vector2d()
        r.x = v.x / divisor
        r.y = v.y / divisor
        Return r
End Function
    
End Class

Class vector2d
    ' x and y hold the position of the vector
    Field x:Int,y:Int
    Method New(x:Int,y:Int)
        Self.x = x
        Self.y = y
    End Method
End Class

Class line
    ' base is a vector which holds the origin
    ' of the line
    Field base:vector2d
    Field direction:vector2d
    Method New(base:vector2d,direction:vector2d)
        Self.base = base
        Self.direction = direction
    End Method
End Class

Class range
    Field minimum:Float
    Field maximum:Float
    Method New(minimum:Float,maximum:Float)
        Self.minimum = minimum
        Self.maximum = maximum
    End Method
End Class

Class segment
    ' point1 and point2 are two vectors.
    ' A vector has a x and y coordinate.
    Field point1:vector2d
    Field point2:vector2d
    Method New(point1:vector2d,point2:vector2d)
        Self.point1 = point1
        Self.point2 = point2
    End Method
End Class

' col is the caller of the class collision. 
' we use it to use the collision methods.
Global col:collision = New collision

Class MyGame Extends App

    Method OnCreate()
        SetUpdateRate(60)
    End Method
    Method OnUpdate()        
    End Method
    Method OnRender()
        Cls 0,0,0 
        SetColor 255,255,255
        '                    
        Local a:vector2d = New vector2d(10,10)
        Local b:vector2d = New vector2d(320,200)
        Local c:vector2d = New vector2d(MouseX,MouseY)
        Local d:vector2d = New vector2d(MouseX+100,MouseY+100)
        
        ' segments are two vectors. point1 x and y 
        ' and point2 x and y
        '
        Local s1:segment = New segment(a,b)
        Local s2:segment = New segment(c,d)        
        
        If col.segments_collide(s1,s2)
            DrawText "Lines s1 and s2 - Collision",0,0
            Else
            DrawText "Lines s1 and s2 - No Collision",0,0
        End If
        
        DrawLine a.x,a.y,b.x,b.y
        DrawLine c.x,c.y,d.x,d.y
    
        DrawText "Move the Mouse to move the line.",DeviceWidth/2,0
    End Method
End Class

Function Main()
    New MyGame()
End Function
    

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